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Info & Fiction: Debunking XRP Ledger Misconceptions


As somebody who’s been deeply ingrained within the software program growth neighborhood for 20 years, I’ve come to comprehend that misinformation propels rumour not like anything. There are a variety of falsehoods circling the XRP Ledger (XRPL) that I encounter regularly together with the misperception that it’s centralized, that there are hidden charges, that it’s personal and used solely by banks — and it’s time to set the file straight. If you happen to’re a developer inquisitive about constructing on the XRP Ledger, otherwise you merely need to study extra concerning the community, maintain studying. I’m breaking down the details and debunking the most important misconceptions about XRPL.

MYTH: The XRP Ledger is Centralized. Primarily based on my expertise as a developer and my conversations with fellow devs, that is maybe essentially the most rampant falsehood — and right here’s why. In a centralized blockchain, a single authority governs all the community, controls validation, controls updates to the ledger, and creates a single level of failure (which theoretically leaves all the community susceptible to an assault). 

TRUTH: The XRP Ledger is Decentralized. The XRPL delivers highly effective utility to builders on a public, decentralized blockchain. Validation happens through a consensus course of the place unbiased nodes are managed by a variety of members — not by a singular controlling entity. Amendments to the XRPL might be proposed by any participant and require 80% quorum approval for 2 consecutive weeks by the validator neighborhood. And as soon as confirmed, transactions can’t be reversed or altered.

These are all hallmarks of decentralized ledgers. If there’s one takeaway I need you to recollect, it’s this: Ripple is a contributor to the community, however just one contributor amongst many, operating simply twelve of the roughly 900 nodes on the XRP Ledger, and 6 of the roughly 150 validator nodes. Ripple follows the identical protocols and its rights are the identical as these of every other contributor. 

Closing Myths to Debunk

MYTH:  New XRP Can Be Added to the Ledger. In line with this fable, a single authority could make unilateral adjustments to the basic, underlying code, which leaves the Ledger open to hackers who may create new XRP.  

TRUTH: Even when a foul actor tried so as to add unauthorized XRP to the Ledger, the consensus protocol ensures no single authority can execute on this. Greater than 45 million ledgers have been efficiently closed because the XRP Ledger was first conceived with 100 billion XRP created on the inception of the Ledger, and no further XRP has ever been added into the system. 

MYTH: XRPL Has Hidden Charges. Charges, together with transaction prices and reserve charges are returned to Ripple after being applied into the Ledger, or rewarded to validators after being applied into the XRP Ledger. 

TRUTH: Similar to different public blockchains, transaction charges are utilized on the XRP Ledger, though they’re far decrease than most (simply fractions of a cent on XRPL). In contrast to different blockchains, nonetheless, the price is neither returned to a government or paid as a reward to validators or every other get together. It’s, the truth is, irreversibly destroyed. As a result of charges rise in-step with the load on the community, this protects the community from spam, malicious habits and DDoS assaults. Moreover, XRP transactions on the Ledger are settled virtually instantaneously (solely 3-5 seconds to substantiate completion vs. 10+ minutes for different blockchains, or a number of days for banks to ship cross-border fiat funds to different banks). The XRPL consensus protocol bridges the hole, saving substantial time and transaction prices.

MYTH: Blockchains Can’t Be Decentralized, Scalable and Safe. Enchancment in one in all these elements should negatively affect one of many different two. We should sacrifice one to optimize the others, proper? Not so quick–right here’s the reality. 

TRUTH: The Blockchain Trilemma is a mannequin to conceptualize the challenges that each one blockchains face, stating that the platforms can’t be actually decentralized, scalable and safe all of sudden. The reality is, the XRP Ledger was the primary and is one in all just a few blockchains capable of run a decentralized, on-chain, restrict order ebook trade in close to real-time. It will possibly maintain a most throughput of as much as 1,500 transactions per second (scalable), is managed by a variety of various members who collectively affirm transactions and approve proposed amendments (decentralized) and makes use of consensus protocol that protects towards assaults and failure modes (safety). And XRPL does all this in a really sustainable means. In truth it’s the world’s first main, international, carbon-neutral blockchain.

In Conclusion…

Builders want to search out one of the best blockchain for his or her undertaking necessities. Any misunderstanding round how the tech works hinders that course of. 

By diving into the nuts and bolts of how the XRPL operates, we’ve been capable of debunk a number of myths and misconceptions concerning the ledger in addition to overview a number of the benefits that make it splendid for all kinds of tasks. Hopefully, this overview will aid you to look past the unfounded myths circulating concerning the XRPL to find one other viable device on your wants.

For extra info, head to, the place yow will discover loads of background documentation, updates on ongoing tasks and an in depth FAQ. If you happen to occur to be scrolling by means of Twitter, be happy to ask me something @HammerToe.

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