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What SOPR Can Inform Us About Bitcoin Market Sentiment


A key indicator to trace on-chain bitcoin spending habits and present market sentiment is the Spent Output Revenue Ratio (SOPR).

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A key indicator to trace on-chain spending habits and present market sentiment is the Spent Output Revenue Ratio (SOPR). SOPR is calculated by dividing the realized worth of a spent output (in USD) by the worth at creation of the unique. Merely put, it’s calculating the value offered over value paid for each UTXO that strikes on-chain. The perfect place to learn extra on SOPR is right here.

SOPR values higher than 1 point out that on common, extra revenue is being realized whereas SOPR values lower than 1 point out that on common, extra losses are being realized. At a worth of 1, the market is internet impartial. We will analyze SOPR habits at a complete market degree and throughout long-term holders (LTHs) and short-term holders (STHs).

What to search for within the SOPR metric is the metric’s response round 1. Throughout continued bull-cycle rallies, we constantly see extra profit-taking habits beneath 5% with these in-between durations when the market is impartial or break-even. You may see when SOPR bounces off of 1 and again to a state of revenue taking throughout bull markets. When it falls beneath 1 and doesn’t reclaim that degree, the market is signaling a bull market reversal forming as traders understand extra losses, anticipating value to go decrease. Right here, we use the Adjusted SOPR which ignores all outputs with a lifespan of lower than one hour.

Supply: Glassnode

As we strategy the tops of bull cycles, there are sometimes sustained, elevated ranges of revenue taking proper earlier than increased peaks. Ultimately, the spent provide overwhelms new demand, and due to this fact a prime kinds. Presently, we’re seeing elevated revenue taking however not on the degree of a cycle prime or peak.

In earlier cycles, there’s a rising pattern of long-term holders realizing elevated income as value is bid up by new market entrants. Utilizing a 30-day transferring common to take a extra macro view of the market, we glance to have simply began this elevated pattern of LTH revenue taking. Revenue taking is a wholesome signal indicating the second stage of the bull market, distribution over accumulation, is starting.

Supply: Glassnode

For brief-term holders, there’s a constant pattern of habits throughout corrections in bull cycles. As value corrects, weaker fingers capitulate and understand losses which places extra promote strain in the marketplace. We sometimes see the STH SOPR quantity reclaim a place again over 1 after this occasion, as new patrons are shaken out. Not reclaiming 1 would sign that the bigger market of short-term holders are usually not keen to carry cash and slightly wish to promote them at a loss. For bull market cycles to proceed, we’re trying to see the newest STH SOPR reclaim again over 1 when utilizing the 24-hour MA chart. It’s already displaying indicators of doing so:

Supply: Glassnode